The  objective  of  this  research  were  to  investigate  the  demographic, household  and  residence  characteristics  of  celibate,  married  and widow/divorced/separated  aged, to  compare  the  economic  activities  between  these  groups  and  to  determine  the  factors  affecting  economic  activities  of  the  aged. The  data  was  obtained  from  Thailand’s  Employment  Status  Survey  Project (Labour  Force  Survey), conducted  in  1994, round 3, and  selected  only  the  information  from  cases  that  were  age 60 years  and  over  nationwide (18,387  in  total). Data  were  analyzed  with  percentage, mean, crosstabulation  and  logistic  regression  analysis.         

          The  results  show  that  the  total  aged  population  in  Thailand  in  1994  was  approximately 4 million. About 60 percent  were married  aged, 38 percent  were   widow/divorced/separated  aged  while  only  2  percent  were   celibate  aged.       

        For celibate  aged, most  of  them  were  female, 60 – 64  years, primary  school, heads  of  household, living  with  2 – 5  members  in  household; rural  area  and  central  region (excludes  Bangkok  Metropolis).     

            Most  of  the  married  aged  were  male, 60 – 64  years, graduated  from primary  school, heads  of  household, living  with  2 – 5  members  in  household; rural  area  and  northeastern  region.         

       Most  of  widow/divorced/separated  aged  were  female, half  of  them  were  70  years  and  over. Most  graduated  from primary  school, were heads  of  household, living  with  2 – 5  members  in  household; rural  area  and  northeastern  region.      

          Comparative  study  on  economic  activities  between  celibate, married  and  widow/divorced/separated  aged  found  approximately  36  percent  of  Thai  aged  populations  were  still  at  work. Married  aged  had  the  highest  rate  of  economic  activity  of  any  aged  group. For  the  aged  workers, all  marital  status  have  similar  characteristics, except  the  number  of  members  in  household  and  region. In  all  marital  status, most   aged  workers  are  male, 60 – 64  years, graduated  from primary  school, heads  of  household  and live  in  rural  area. Married  aged  who  live  with  2 – 5  members  in  household  and  non-spouse  aged  who  live  alone  were  mostly  working. Married  and  widow/divorced/separated  aged  living  in  northeastern  region  were  mostly  working  while  celibate  aged  mostly  lived  in  south  region. In  every  marital  status, most  of  aged  who  were  workers  were  working  in  agriculture  and  own-account  workers. Most  of  aged  who  were  not  workers  said “very  old” as  the  resion  for  not  working.     

             From  analysis  of  the  factors  affecting economic  activities  of  the  aged  with  Logistic  Regression  Analysis, it  was  found  that  all  demographic, household  and  residence  factors  were  significant, especially  the  effect  from  marital  status  variable. Celibate  aged  had  probability  to  work  greater  than  married  or  widow/divorced/separated  aged. This  model  of  analysis  explained  about  75  percent  of  the  variance  of  the  aged’s  economic  activities .

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Reference

Siriporn  Kaukulnurak.1997. A  Comparative  study  on 

     Economic  Activities  of  Never  Married  and  Married  Aged 

     in  Thailand. Thesis  on  Master  of  Arts (Population  and 

     Social  Research), Mahidol  University.