ศัพท์ น่าสับสน ชุด S – Sight & spectacle
แนะนำการใช้ ตามที่ส่วนใหญ่ใช้ แต่ละท้องถิ่น
ความหมาย อาจผันแปร ตาม ตำแหน่ง/หน้าที่ ในประโยค
ออกเสียง sight = ‘SAHYT’
Plural – sights = a device used to assist aims;
ออกเสียง spectacle = ‘SPEK-tuh-kuhl’
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree
= vision; a view; mentalperception;
= prospect; something worth seeing
Not to be confused with:
cite = to quote; refer to as an example; commend;
= summon before a court of law
site = position; location; place;
= setting of an event
vision: = My sight has been getting dimmer.;
= something worth seeing: a sight for sore eyes
site = location; setting of an event:
This is the site where we will build our dream home.
Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms.
= a great number; a quantity; a sum; a multitude.
Examples: sight of asses, 1577; of rare flowers, 1752; of lawyers; of money; of ships, 1449; of thanks, 1800; innumerable sight of stars, 1538; noble sight of books, 1432.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary.
= A measurement or observationtaken with an optical device.
See also related terms for observation.
Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary
sight vs eyesight
Sight is a general word for the ability
that people have to see:
to lose your sight “She only has a little sight in one eye.”
You use eyesight to talk about how well somebody is able to see:
I've always had poor eyesight.
Sight can also be used like this:
a sight / an eyesight test “My grandmother's sight/eyesight is still good.”
sight vs view
Both sight and view can be used when you are saying
whether you can see something:
There was no one in sight/view.
Sight can be used to talk aboutthe act of seeing:
I had my first sight of the city from the river.
You can also use sight to mean something that you can see:
Sunset over the lake is a beautiful sight.
View describes the whole area you can see from a particular place:
From the top of the tower I had a wonderful view of the city.
Specter originally meant “a visible disembodied spirit” in English
—a good synonym for ghost.
Legend has it that a female specter who haunted the churchyard
in Rathkeale, Limerick was so terrifying
that all who looked upon her died soon after.
A local man banished the ghost by slicing off her arm with his sword
and praying for the rest of the night.
In an odd coincidence in 2009,
the Limerick Newswire reported that a tree stump in the churchyard contains the image of the Virgin Mary and Child and that hundreds of visitors had come to the area to pray. — Irish Central, 24 Oct. 2019
But, unlike ghost, the notion of being visible
is paramount in specter,
which came to English from the French word spectre,
which developed directly from the Latin word spectrum,
meaning “appearance” or “specter,”
itself based on the verb specere, meaning “to look.”
Specere is also the root of many English words
that have to do with appearance:
It’s also a distant relative of spy
since Spectre, using the British spelling,
is the name of one of the enemy agencies in the James Bond novels
(and the title of one the films).
Specter can also mean
“a ghostly and usually fear-inspiring visionof the imagination”
—in other words, something that haunts the mind.
Collins COBUILD English Usage
Spectacle & spectacles
A spectacle is a sightor view which is remarkable or impressive.
I was confronted with an appalling spectacle.
She stood at the head of the stairs and surveyed the spectacle.
A person's spectacles are their glasses.
Spectacles is a formal or old-fashionedword.
...a schoolteacher in horn-rimmed spectacles.
Collins COBUILD English Usage
The noun scene has several meanings.
It can refer to a part of a play, film, or novel.
Do you know the balcony scene from 'Romeo and Juliet'?
It was like a scene from a Victorian novel.
The scene of an accident or crime is the place where it happened.
They were only a few miles from the scene of the crime.
You can describe something as a scene of a particular kind
when you are giving your impression of the things
that are happening there at a particular time.
I entered the room to be greeted by a scene of domestic tranquillity.
The sun rose over a scene of terrible destruction.
You use sight to give your impression of the appearance
of a particular thing or person.
A volcano erupting is a spectacular sight.
With his ragged clothes and thin face, he was a pitiful sight.
You can use the plural form sights to refer to
the interesting things that there are to see in a particular place.
Did you have time to see the sights while you were in Moscow?
A guide offered to show us the sights.
There are some other nouns that are commonly used to
refer to things that people see:
View is used to refer to what you can see from a window or high place.
Her bedroom window looked out on to a superb view of London.
From the top of the hill there is a fine view.
The landscape is what you can see around you
when you are travelling through an area of land.
You can use this word whether the area is attractiveor not.
The landscape around here is very flat.
The train passed through the industrial landscape of eastern Massachusetts.
Scenery refers to what you see around you
in an attractive part of the countryside.
We stopped on the way to admire the scenery.
I think Scotland has the most beautiful scenery in the world.
Scenery is an uncountable noun.
Don't talk about 'sceneries' or 'ascenery'.
Sight Word Activities:
Fun Ways To Help Kids Learn To Read And Write
By Lindsay Barrett
If you have an early reader and writer in your life,
you’ve likely heard of “sight words.”
What are they, why do kids need to learn them,
and how can you help without inciting groans of boredom?
Here are the basics you need to know,
and a handy listof fun practice activities
that will have kids too busy moving and creating to complain.
What are sight words, and why are they important?
Sight words are just that:
wordsreaders recognize automatically by sight.
These include what are known as high-frequency words
—the words that occur most commonly in everyday language
Sight words can also include names, proper nouns, or other words
specifically meaningful to a child,
such as Grammy for a grandmother’s name
or Ohio if children live in that state.
Knowing sight words helps kids who are learning to read
do so more fluently by acting as landmarks
among words that must be decoded.
For instance, when an early reader spots familiar words
like I, can, and my in the sentence
I can ride my bike,
it’s easier to make meaningful attempts
at the remaining unknown words
when they can orient around known sight words.
Sight wordsalso help sentence-writing
for early writers feel less daunting.
Writing I went to a baseball game
is more manageable when the learner knows I, went, to, and a by heart.
How to help kids learn sight words
Conventional belief is that sight words require rote memorization.
There is truth to this:
knowing wordsautomatically is a hallmark of proficient reading.
Eventually, most readers memorize thousands of common words.
And hey, all the words in this article are likely your adult “sight words.” Nicely done!
But it’s not only about memorization
when kids are learning sight words.
It’s still important to help children read left to right across a sight word
and connectthe letters to sounds spoken.
This is true even when words break common spelling rules.
In was,for example, the W makes a /w/ sound,
but the A soundslike /uh/ (short U),
and the S actually sounds like a Z.
You can still “read” the word was
by pointing to the letters as you make each sound
to help children make these letter-sound connections
—and hopefully remember them
when they see the word was again in print or when trying to write it.
It can be helpful for children to focus on words
that relate to one another.
To and do pair nicely,
as do come and some,
and even was and has,
with discussion about how the middle vowels behave differently.
It’s clear that sight words are helpful,
but they’re not always the most exciting parts of reading and writing.
But don’t worry: we have plenty of engaging ways to help you practice sight words with your young ones.
All you will need are some simple materials you probably already have on hand!
Sight wordreading practice activities
Feed a word monster
Write sight words on index cards or the like.
If a child is only practicing a few words, make multiple cards of each word.
Decorate a cardboard box as a “word monster.”
Cut a hole for the mouth
and tell children the monster is “hungry”
for a certain word for them to feed it.
Alternatively, give the child a stack of paper scraps
to write a word on over and over to fill up the hungry monster.
Write words on slips of paper and place them inside plastic eggs.
Hide the eggs.
Give children a checklist of all the words
and have them hunt for them,
checking each word off the list as they find it.
Draw a road on a large piece of paper
or make one with tape on the floor.
Write sight words on sticky notes
and place them at different points on the road.
Have children drive toy cars to certain words.
Or, draw lines to make a “parking lot”
and write a word in each space.
Have children be the “parking attendants”
and park cars on certain words or retrieve cars parked on certain words.
Sight word passwords
Post sight word “passwords” on sticky notes throughout your space.
Children must say the word each time they pass through a door, open a cabinet or drawer, or pick up an object.
Wear a sight word
Clip a word to your shirt.
Every time children want to ask you something,
they must read the word first!
Sight word hopscotch
Use chalk outdoors or masking tape indoors to create a hopscotch grid.
Write a sight word in each box for children to say as they hop on it.
Word match dash
Write sight words on pairs of index cards.
Spread one set of words around the room.
As you flip through the other set,
children must dash to retrieve each word’s match.
Play multiple times using a timer, trying to beat the previous time.
Sight word bowling
If you have a play bowling set,
tape a slip of paper with a sight word to each pin.
Alternatively, use half-full plastic water bottles as pins
(we recommend you do this variant outside).
When children knock down pins,
they must read the words correctly to earn those points.
Hang a target poster on the wall with sight words written on it,
or label plastic bottles or other small targets with sight words.
Have children aim Nerf guns or suction-cup arrows at the words.
They must read them correctly after hitting them to earn their points!
Invisible ink words
Write sight words with white crayon on white paper.
Have children paint over the paper with watercolor paint
and read the words they reveal.
Minute to win it
Give children a sight word list.
Set the timer for one minute
and keep track of how many words they can read correctly.
Repeat over time and keep track of how they improve
or work toward a target goal.
Sight word writing practice activities
Spread a light layer or sand, flour, or salt in a baking sheet or pan.
Have children practice writing words with their fingers.
(If you’re worried about containing the mess or want to reuse the same material another day, a plastic pencil box or food storage container are great lidded options.)
Shaving cream writing
For good, clean fun, squirt shaving cream onto a baking sheet
or directly onto a table or counter.
Have children spread it out and write words in it.
Paint bag writing
For a mess-free option, squirt a small amount of paint into a zip-top bag, squeeze out the air, and seal well with a few layers of packing tape.
Have children use a cotton swab to “write” words on the outside of the bag. It’s especially fun to tape the bag to a sunny window.
Cork dot painting
Write a sight word in large lowercase letters on a piece of paper.
Squirt paint onto a plate and give children a bottle cork to dip in it.
Have them dot the cork along each letter in the word
as they spell the word aloud. Repeat with several colors.
Type or print the word on a piece of paper.
Have children trace over the word again and again with different colors.
Are you writing schedules or chore lists for children?
Leave blanks for sight words (or leave some missing letters)
and have them be the teacher and fill them in!
Have children write a word on paper or a dry erase board
in as many different styles as they can:
bold, italic, large, tiny, swirly letters, bubble letters, etc.
Or, have children type their words in a word processing program
and change the font type, size, or color for each word.
Have children turn sight word spelling into a chant or cheer.
Think: “Give me an S! Give me an H! Give me an E! What’s that spell? She!”
Record the cheering on video, or call a relative and give a live performance.
Practicing sight words doesn’t have to be a drag!
Keep it playful, and make sure kids have plenty of chances to transfer all that practice to real, authentic reading and writing, too.
They’ll be sight word masters before you know it.
Lindsay Barrett is a teacher and literacy consultant.
She writes resources for educators and parents.
Find out more about her work at lindsay-barrett.com .
Cite, Sight, and Site
are occasionally confused by some people
when used as nouns (sight and site)
or as verbs (all three words).
They needn’t cause trouble:
with a little thought,
most people who struggle with them can settle upon the correct choice.
Cite is most often encountered in the sense of “to name in a citation”;
it may also mean “to mention as an example”
or “to order to appear in a court of law.“
Most of the senses of sight are concerned with
the act or action of seeing.
A wonderful spectacle might be described asa sight,
as might the general capacity to see anything
(“my sight is not as good as it once was”).
Site is most often concerned with location;
it is related to the verb situate "to locate" and situation "a position."
A building site is the place where the building is, or will be, located.
In contemporary English,
site has increasingly been used as a shortened form of website,
for the location of a specific page on the Internet.
If you connect citation with cite,
eyesight with sight,
and situate with site,
you are unlikely to make an error.
Dictionary of Problem Words and Expression
Sight & spectacle
Both sight and spectacle means
something seen or able to be seen:
“We soon caught sight of land.”
“Palmetto tree on the beach were a lovely spectacle.”
Spectacle is reserved for a sight that is unusual.
Such as a curiosity or marvel or some public performance or display.
In this sense, it closely resembles the meaning of sights.”
“Lights on the Eiffel Tower are a spectacle,
one of the marvelous sights of Paris.”
Sight is often used in a derisiveor derogatory way.
(In that coat you are a sigbt).
spectacle can also be used in a disparaging sense
(make a spectacle