2021-01-11 ศัพท์ น่าสับสน ชุด S – Sight & spectacle

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2021-01-11

ศัพท์ น่าสับสน ชุด S – Sight & spectacle

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Dictionary.com

ออกเสียง sight = ‘SAHYT

Plural – sights = a device used to assist aims;

ออกเสียง spectacle = ‘SPEK-tuh-kuhl’

Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree

sight

= vision; a view; mentalperception;

= prospect; something worth seeing

Not to be confused with:

cite  = to quote; refer to as an example; commend;

= summon before a court of law

site   = position; location; place;

= setting of an event

vision: = My sight has been getting dimmer.;

= something worth seeing: a sight for sore eyes

site = location; setting of an event:

This is the site where we will build our dream home.

Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms.

Sight

= a great number; a quantity; a sum; a multitude.

Examples: sight of asses, 1577; of rare flowers, 1752; of lawyers; of money; of ships, 1449; of thanks, 1800; innumerable sight of stars, 1538; noble sight of books, 1432.

Farlex Trivia Dictionary.

sight

= A measurement or observationtaken with an optical device.

See also related terms for observation.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

Sight

WHICH WORD?

sight vs eyesight

Sight is a general word for the ability

that people have to see:

to lose your sight “She only has a little sight in one eye.”

You use eyesight to talk about how well somebody is able to see:

I've always had poor eyesight.

Sight can also be used like this:

a sight / an eyesight test “My grandmother's sight/eyesight is still good.”

WHICH WORD?

sight vs view

Both sight and view can be used when you are saying

whether you can see something:

There was no one in sight/view.

Sight can be used to talk aboutthe act of seeing:

I had my first sight of the city from the river.

You can also use sight to mean something that you can see:

Sunset over the lake is a beautiful sight.

View describes the whole area you can see from a particular place:

 From the top of the tower I had a wonderful view of the city.

Merriam-Webster Dictionary

specter

Specter originally meant “a visible disembodied spirit” in English

—a good synonym for ghost.

Legend has it that a female specter who haunted the churchyard

in Rathkeale, Limerick was so terrifying

that all who looked upon her died soon after.

A local man banished the ghost by slicing off her arm with his sword

and praying for the rest of the night.

In an odd coincidence in 2009,

the Limerick Newswire reported that a tree stump in the churchyard contains the image of the Virgin Mary and Child and that hundreds of visitors had come to the area to pray. — Irish Central, 24 Oct. 2019

But, unlike ghost, the notion of being visible

is paramount in specter,

which came to English from the French word spectre,

which developed directly from the Latin word spectrum,

meaningappearance” or “specter,”

itself based on the verb specere, meaning “to look.”

Specere is also the root of many English words

that have to do with appearance:

aspect, conspicuous, inspect, perspective, and spectacle.

It’s also a distant relative of spy

—appropriately enough,

since Spectre, using the British spelling,

is the name of one of the enemy agencies in the James Bond novels

(and the title of one the films).

Specter can also mean

“a ghostly and usually fear-inspiring visionof the imagination

—in other words, something that haunts the mind.

Collins COBUILD English Usage

Spectacle & spectacles

1. 'spectacle'

A spectacle is a sightor view which is remarkable or impressive.

I was confronted with an appalling spectacle.

She stood at the head of the stairs and surveyed the spectacle.

2. 'spectacles'

A person's spectacles are their glasses.

Spectacles is a formal or old-fashionedword.

...a schoolteacher in horn-rimmed spectacles.

Collins COBUILD English Usage

Scene – sight – viewlandscapescenery

1. 'scene'

The noun scene has several meanings.

It can refer to a part of a play, film, or novel.

Do you know the balcony scene from 'Romeo and Juliet'?

It was like a scene from a Victorian novel.

The scene of an accident or crime is the place where it happened.

They were only a few miles from the scene of the crime.

You can describe something as a scene of a particular kind

when you are giving your impression of the things

that are happening there at a particular time.

I entered the room to be greeted by a scene of domestic tranquillity.

The sun rose over a scene of terrible destruction.

2. 'sight'

You use sight to give your impression of the appearance

of a particular thing or person.

A volcano erupting is a spectacular sight.

With his ragged clothes and thin face, he was a pitiful sight.

You can use the plural form sights to refer to

the interesting things that there are to see in a particular place.

Did you have time to see the sights while you were in Moscow?

A guide offered to show us the sights.

There are some other nouns that are commonly used to

refer to things that people see:

3. 'view'

View is used to refer to what you can see from a window or high place.

Her bedroom window looked out on to a superb view of London.

From the top of the hill there is a fine view.

4. 'landscape'

The landscape is what you can see around you

when you are travelling through an area of land.

You can use this word whether the area is attractiveor not.

The landscape around here is very flat.

The train passed through the industrial landscape of eastern Massachusetts.

5. 'scenery'

Scenery refers to what you see around you

in an attractive part of the countryside.

We stopped on the way to admire the scenery.

I think Scotland has the most beautiful scenery in the world.

Be Careful!

Scenery is an uncountable noun.

Don't talk about 'sceneries' or 'ascenery'.

Dictionary.com

Sight Word Activities:

Fun Ways To Help Kids Learn To Read And Write

By Lindsay Barrett

If you have an early reader and writer in your life,

you’ve likely heard of “sight words.”

What are they, why do kids need to learn them,

and how can you help without inciting groans of boredom?

Here are the basics you need to know,

and a handy listof fun practice activities

that will have kids too busy moving and creating to complain.

What are sight words, and why are they important?

Sight words are just that:

wordsreaders recognize automatically by sight.

These include what are known as high-frequency words

—the words that occur most commonly in everyday language

like to, was, and come.

Sight words can also include names, proper nouns, or other words

specifically meaningful to a child,

such as Grammy for a grandmother’s name

or Ohio if children live in that state.

Knowing sight words helps kids who are learning to read

do so more fluently by acting as landmarks

among words that must be decoded.

For instance, when an early reader spots familiar words

like I, can, and my in the sentence

I can ride my bike,

it’s easier to make meaningful attempts

at the remaining unknown words

when they can orient around known sight words.

Sight wordsalso help sentence-writing

for early writers feel less daunting.

Writing I went to a baseball game

is more manageable when the learner knows I, went, to, and a by heart.

How to help kids learn sight words

Conventional belief is that sight words require rote memorization.

There is truth to this:

knowing wordsautomatically is a hallmark of proficient reading.

Eventually, most readers memorize thousands of common words.

And hey, all the words in this article are likely your adult “sight words.” Nicely done!

But it’s not only about memorization

when kids are learning sight words.

It’s still important to help children read left to right across a sight word

and connectthe letters to sounds spoken.

This is true even when words break common spelling rules.

In was,for example, the W makes a /w/ sound,

but the A soundslike /uh/ (short U),

and the S actually sounds like a Z.

You can still “read” the word was

by pointing to the letters as you make each sound

to help children make these letter-sound connections

—and hopefully remember them

when they see the word was again in print or when trying to write it.

It can be helpful for children to focus on words

that relate to one another.

To and do pair nicely,

as do come and some,

and even was and has,

with discussion about how the middle vowels behave differently.

Some teachers intentionally assign words to learn in groups for this reason. If you need guidance on which words kids should practice, the Dolch Word List or Fry Word List are standard resources.

It’s clear that sight words are helpful,

but they’re not always the most exciting parts of reading and writing.

But don’t worry: we have plenty of engaging ways to help you practice sight words with your young ones.

All you will need are some simple materials you probably already have on hand!

Sight wordreading practice activities

Feed a word monster

Write sight words on index cards or the like.

If a child is only practicing a few words, make multiple cards of each word.

Decorate a cardboard box as a “word monster.”

Cut a hole for the mouth

and tell children the monster is “hungry”

for a certain word for them to feed it.

Alternatively, give the child a stack of paper scraps

to write a word on over and over to fill up the hungry monster.

Egg hunt

Write words on slips of paper and place them inside plastic eggs.

Hide the eggs.

Give children a checklist of all the words

and have them hunt for them,

checking each word off the list as they find it.

Car zoom

Draw a road on a large piece of paper

or make one with tape on the floor.

Write sight words on sticky notes

and place them at different points on the road.

Have children drive toy cars to certain words.

Or, draw lines to make a “parking lot”

and write a word in each space.

Have children be the “parking attendants”

and park cars on certain words or retrieve cars parked on certain words.

Sight word passwords

Post sight word passwords” on sticky notes throughout your space.

Children must say the word each time they pass through a door, open a cabinet or drawer, or pick up an object.

Wear a sight word

Clip a word to your shirt.

Every time children want to ask you something,

they must read the word first!

Sight word hopscotch

Use chalk outdoors or masking tape indoors to create a hopscotch grid.

Write a sight word in each box for children to say as they hop on it.

Word match dash

Write sight words on pairs of index cards.

Spread one set of words around the room.

As you flip through the other set,

children must dash to retrieve each word’s match.

Play multiple times using a timer, trying to beat the previous time.

Sight word bowling

If you have a play bowling set,

tape a slip of paper with a sight word to each pin.

Alternatively, use half-full plastic water bottles as pins

(we recommend you do this variant outside).

When children knock down pins,

they must read the words correctly to earn those points.

Target practice

Hang a target poster on the wall with sight words written on it,

or label plastic bottles or other small targets with sight words.

Have children aim Nerf guns or suction-cup arrows at the words.

They must read them correctly after hitting them to earn their points!

Invisible ink words

Write sight words with white crayon on white paper.

Have children paint over the paper with watercolor paint

and read the words they reveal.

Minute to win it

Give children a sight word list.

Set the timer for one minute

and keep track of how many words they can read correctly.

Repeat over time and keep track of how they improve

or work toward a target goal.

Sight word writing practice activities

Sensory writing

Spread a light layer or sand, flour, or salt in a baking sheet or pan.

Have children practice writing words with their fingers.

(If you’re worried about containing the mess or want to reuse the same material another day, a plastic pencil box or food storage container are great lidded options.)

Shaving cream writing

For good, clean fun, squirt shaving cream onto a baking sheet

or directly onto a table or counter.

Have children spread it out and write words in it.

Paint bag writing

For a mess-free option, squirt a small amount of paint into a zip-top bag, squeeze out the air, and seal well with a few layers of packing tape.

Have children use a cotton swab to “write” words on the outside of the bag. It’s especially fun to tape the bag to a sunny window.

Cork dot painting

Write a sight word in large lowercase letters on a piece of paper.

Squirt paint onto a plate and give children a bottle cork to dip in it.

Have them dot the cork along each letter in the word

as they spell the word aloud. Repeat with several colors.

Rainbow writing

Type or print the word on a piece of paper.

Have children trace over the word again and again with different colors.

Interactive writing

Are you writing schedules or chore lists for children?

Leave blanks for sight words (or leave some missing letters)

and have them be the teacher and fill them in!

Font fun

Have children write a word on paper or a dry erase board

in as many different styles as they can:

bold, italic, large, tiny, swirly letters, bubble letters, etc.

Or, have children type their words in a word processing program

and change the font type, size, or color for each word.

Cheer up

Have children turn sight word spelling into a chant or cheer.

Think: “Give me an S! Give me an H! Give me an E! What’s that spell? She!”

Record the cheering on video, or call a relative and give a live performance.

Practicing sight words doesn’t have to be a drag!

Keep it playful, and make sure kids have plenty of chances to transfer all that practice to real, authentic reading and writing, too.

They’ll be sight word masters before you know it.

Lindsay Barrett is a teacher and literacy consultant.

She writes resources for educators and parents.

Find out more about her work at lindsay-barrett.com .

Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Cite, Sight, and Site

The three homophones cite, sight,and site

are occasionally confused by some people

when used as nouns (sight and site)

or as verbs (all three words).

They needn’t cause trouble:

with a little thought,

most people who struggle with them can settle upon the correct choice.

Cite is most often encountered in the sense of “to name in a citation”;

it may also mean “to mention as an example

or “to order to appear in a court of law.“

Most of the senses of sight are concerned with

the act or action of seeing.

A wonderful spectacle might be described asa sight,

as might the general capacity to see anything

(“my sight is not as good as it once was”).

Site is most often concerned with location;

it is related to the verb situate "to locate" and situation "a position."

A building site is the place where the building is, or will be, located.

In contemporary English,

site has increasingly been used as a shortened form of website,

for the location of a specific page on the Internet.

If you connect citation with cite,

eyesight with sight,

and situate with site,

you are unlikely to make an error.

Dictionary of Problem Words and Expression

Sight & spectacle

Both sight and spectacle means

something seen or able to be seen:

“We soon caught sight of land.”

“Palmetto tree on the beach were a lovely spectacle.”

Spectacle is reserved for a sight that is unusual.

Such as a curiosity or marvel or some public performance or display.

In this sense, it closely resembles the meaning of sights.

“Lights on the Eiffel Tower are a spectacle,

one of the marvelous sights of Paris.”

Sight is often used in a derisiveor derogatory way.

(In that coat you are a sigbt).

spectacle can also be used in a disparaging sense

(make a spectacle

of oneself.)

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