An implementation of discretion power to centralize the private interest.

An implementation of discretion power to centralize the private interest.

18 January 2019

Academic Team, Municipal Employees Association of Thailand [1]

(การใช้ดุลพินิจของฝ่ายบริหารแบบรวบอำนาจได้เสีย

This is a test of translation version. (Original by Google : not officially)

It's some error from robot wording.

The former title : The exercise of discretion of the management at the power of interest.

Must closely monitor the global trend


The world has been changing for a long time. But in the case of Thailand have the slow change. Some say that this is a Thai culture that has been done for a long time that should continue to be observed. It is a matter of different ways of thinking or a conceptual framework that is “superficial”. Each party wants to change many things. Want to leave the original culture. But in the desire no matter what kind, not talking about problems that need to be solved is a problem in driving society forever, because if the other party is progressing, the other was pulling a rhetorical retreat for their own benefits, such as the issue of changing the school uniform that does not have any direct effect on the students learn better or worse, [2] and so on.

In terms of resource allocation, Thai people must benefit fairly, no less important than the welfare state and may be better than people feel that they are such important. Can reduce the disparity and will be an important force in national development rather than centralizing. And then sell concessions including renting to foreigners and then blaming each other between the various power poles which in political science calls this group “Elite”. [3]


Elite, there are people who interpret “elites” or “privileged elites” (this word is strong) or “Aristocrats” (great dragons) does not mean only the elite class (Ruling class), but the upper class, which means that there is a new generation of people who can step into this state, including politicians, scholars, businessmen and progressors. Even monks, journalist, human rights activist, as a famous star actor, who is a powerful concept, activists, etc. can be an Elite, because these people will become “The leading class to Society Ideology”, that is a group of people with power to determine the direction and change of society.

The current academic political science said, referring the struggle of the “Old Elite” and the “New Elite” in a power of the country administration. [4] However, in the former there are splitting from groups : “Royal Conservative Elite” group and the brave “Political businessmen Elite” group are trying to raise their business goes to more multinational capital. By not care of the monopoly to the conservative nationalism.


Nominee and the rule of law


According 4 present questions that ; (1) "Is sovereignty still belonging to the Thai people?". According to the Constitution of 2017, Article 3 [5], which states that "Sovereignty belongs to Thai people …”. (2) Is law enforcement also justified or follow "The Rule of Law" or not? [6] (3) Do the use of order power through "Nominee" [7] and "informal power" still dominate the system [8] or not? How many successors are there? Real actors have not a guilty, is it true or not? (4) Is the authority delegated by the administration will to be true?

Such questions will be involved in 3 issues: (1) being a representative (nominee) in the financial contract, employment contract, various agent contracts, etc. (2) having access to a stake of lobby or bid rigging or collusion ("Hua" in Thai) in various interests by interest groups (3) entering into direct, indirect benefits or a competitor to the protester. These issues "are problems of discretion" or the implementation decisions of political, management and administration.

Is considered a "use of the discretion of the management of the power of interest" is a political issue in government agencies, state enterprises, department stores, private companies, and in the government. "It is normal to follow government regulations”. But implementation is a problem, because "discretion" is often unusual in accordance with the non-formal system, mainly from political groups of the management or capitalists or from persuasion, directive influence over command or have an induced interest whether it is direct, indirect or overlapping interest or COI : Conflict Of Interest.

Discretion that is a joint decision, there is a problem


"Discretion which is a joint decision" is considered a lot of problems in the process of discretion. In the form of law, there is a problem of not being fully understood or ignored, especially the final decision. If there is a half of consensus, there may be decisions that are not based on mutual discretion. The most terrible is all persons who use discretion are all nominees.

Worried that the important political positions and government positions became the nominee. Should be concerned about this culture that is still sustained in Thai society for a long time leave to think about how to fix it.

Centralization of power against the national strategy 


Setting up 52 new units that are currently issues is against the national strategy? There are people who disagree, objecting that waste of budget and inconsistency. National strategy [9] considers that the number of agencies should be reduced or "combined" (merged) and should much more strengthen the "process" in the preparation of participatory improvement (People Participation).

Although originally believed to condemn the coup that was bad, but the past forced the military to stage a coup to 2 times become that "soldiers have the nature right to coup”. [10] Such a democratic impostor who do not adhere to the government law of country, etc. The rational pretense to coup (seizing power) is an elite group who conflict with each other (class struggle), there are people front support by elites to participate in activities to approve the legitimacy of an elite and get some compensation as wages and interest. But without directly participating in political decisions, which are "the heart of democracy" that must be decided in common.

Actually, “Decentralization” must be dispersed in the process of participation (Political Participation). In fact, not centralized by formulate a new power base that ending with the vote buying or to be a gangster or to bluff the rival. So, local employees may split into several groups. Because they work for the power of the group by not developing the country, causing various organs impact consequently in society, education and others, etc.

The National Power


The main point that the official “administration” or an authority of that country often has not “Country development” consistency, or so called “Not in line with National Interests” or “Not consistent with the common interest or Public Interest” which is concerned that how much Thai people do we consider national interests? In the answer from many people's mouths is “No”.

The concept of “national strategy” is how to use the “national power” to formulate national interests structure in 3 issues: (1) national interests (2) national power and (3) the process of formulating strategies under the 3 elements: (1) Ends (2) Ways (guidelines) and (3) Means to answer 3 questions: (1) “Where are we going?” (2) “What is the environment?” (3) “How do we get there?” 
[11]

National interest is the "Want & Need" that is important to the public. (Referring to the nation) In which the demand is so wide and relatively permanent, and when "determined in the dimension of national classification can be separated in many ways, such as (1) classified according to the degree of primacy (2) classified according to the degree of permanent (3) classified according to the degree of generality. [12] 

Reasons for centralizing power in National Strategies

The legitimacy reasons for supporting “Centralization” at the counter in “Decentralization” that ; (1) most for national unity because the central government is the only institution to act on behalf of state for public interest. If the central government is weak will inevitably lead to conflict of all mechanism and lack of unity (2) for uniformity because there is only a central government that can set the law and the public service system which is the same pattern and standard (3) For the equity in country due to decentralization, the weakness of government is outside the center to allocate the difference of region (local) resources. Therefore, there is only a central government that can solve the inequity caused of state. The strong central government be support and directs development or the national economy planning, which will integrated all of the community. 
[13]

National Security and National Interests


Indeed, the centralization concept does not impact the national strategy. Because it's a fixed target of the military concept as the “ideology” in a matter of National security. Of course, National Interests view is the “National strategy”. Surely that all of the country (nation) must get growth of the national interest in their people.

In focus, the National Strategy must go on the same route by not conflict, not hindrance. The Civil Society concept and the participation concept are focused on the “common interest” (shared ownership) in the sense of the Public Interest belonging. The collective interest is not for any group, any class, any privilege to join or to use for private group. Especially the decentralization concept does not destruct the core institutions; nations, religions, and monarchs. To uphold the monarchy as a sovereignty organization, or the national head as the most interest. 
During Civil Society or the process of people participation does not consent any group to impersonate loyalty, institutional or sovereignty guard as their group is (superior) to another groups, to compromise all advantage, the legitimacy and intimidate the inferior groups, or vice versa; by not protecting, not loyal. Clearly that impersonating power make for themselves, their groups or comrade peers for them self legitimacy.

Is saying that the problem of “An implementation of discretion power to centralize the private interest” or “The exercise of discretion of the management of the power of interest”. On the conditions of the facing forward, “National strategy” is faced a big “hindrance”. Will the little lizard say the big lion will listen?

Reference :

[1] Phachern Thammasarangkoon & Watcharin Unarine, Municipality Officer Academic Team, Municipal Employees Association of Thailand, Siam Rath Daily Friday edition, January 18, 2019

[2] Democracy uniforms, by Silver Flame, Thailand Post, 12 January 2019, https://www.thaipost.net/main/detail/26341  

[3] elite [N] A group of people who are more wealthy than others, See also: People who are smarter than others, Syn. Ruling class, upper class: Longdo dict

[4] Election 2019: "After the election, we will see the disappointment that has increased”. Because of the stubborn electoral framework, the story by Hathai Kan Treuwan, BBC Thai correspondent, Prism video Mental is Thom, Video Reporter, 2 January 2019, https://www.bbc.com/thai/amp/46698245?fbclid=IwAR3UmB20L6nZJeXDXkp6DVjFRTd3rssa1EyWA7eYHsHVjJ8ht39jjkwCo4g

[5] Article 3 Sovereignty belongs to Thai people. King of the Grand Master Used that power in the parliament, cabinet and court according to the provisions of the Constitution

Parliament, cabinet, court, independent organizations and government agencies must perform duties in accordance with the constitution, law and rule of law for the common benefit of the nation and the welfare of the people as a whole 

[6] vitit muntarbhorn , the rule of law and democracy, in Isranews, 7 November 2558, https://www.isranews.org/isranews-article/item/42544-law_42544.html?fbclid=IwAR2XFTeV20LJU9Ag_cJrg9bMft18F4DBoOEHWHQ_UrjSuOHAoZBBnVzgeEQ#.Vj2y0YmOFWw.facebook

"Democratic rule of law does not mean only the meaning of the state, but must start from home and classroom. In order to enter the wider democracy in an independent election, and participation of various political groups, including patience restrained in negotiating respect for the voice of most people. The non-violent approach to opponents "  

[7] Nominee means (1) has been named, has been nominated for such an award nomination, and (2) cover, that being another turn for the execution. Various, whether consenting or implicit, especially in politics or transactions and especially to avoid the law, for example, an alien hiring a national citizen to own the property in that country. Because he is legal, the country is limited, etc., according to: from Wikipedia Free encyclopedia.  

[8] Domination or hegemony

[9] Opposition! Behind the repeal of the 52 new agencies, waste of budget-inconsistent national strategy, January 13, 2019, https://www.isranews.org/isranews/72881-isranews_72881.html

See " What is the 20 year national strategy ?", 19 July 2017, https://ilaw.or.th/node/4570

The 20-Year National Strategy is a national development plan, setting out frameworks and directions. All this to be completed in a nation of Stability, Prosperity and Sustainability, as a slogan of "Stability, Prosperity, Sustainability" . The plan will be enforced for 20 years, from 2017 - 2036.

[10] Khian Theerawit , quoted from Jittakorn Busaba, a political column - not the 'outsider-in person', but that 'What is the rule', 28 August 2016, https://www.naewna.com/politic/columnist/26022  

[11] Making a national strategy: knowledge and ideas gained from studying in  Thailand National Defence College (Wor Por Aor),  Dr. Dissakul Kasemsawad, March 8, 2016, https://www.gotoknow.org/posts/603151   

[12] Jiradet Milindhaphaet , National Interest: Stories We Never Know and Consider, 24 October 2008, https://www.gotoknow.org/posts/218646  

[13] Chokchai Asasana , Concept of decentralization, GotoKnow, 24 June 2011, https://www.gotoknow.org/posts/445644

Keywords (Tags):  # Discretion of the executive branch # to track global trends closely # nominee to the rule of law # discretion to decide to issue # centralizing power against the National Strategy # Power of # reasons as well. power center in the National strategy # of national security and national interests # agent camouflage (Nominee) # of domination or take cover (Hegemony) # elite # National interest.

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