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Trip to LPB 5-11/2/2006

Animal Drug Bank
Work Record (Experts)
Name :       Dr. Satis Pholpark
Position :    Veterinary officer level 8
Period :      5 – 11 February 2006
Dispatched to : JICA office, Bangkok.
Section :
Counterpart(s) :
       Dr. Bountom Khounsy   Chief of  regional veterinary diagnostic unit,              
                                               Luangprabang(LPB).
       Mr. Phetsakhone      FORCOM staff LPB
       Mr. Khamphay         FORCOM staff LPB
       Mrs. Somchan          FORCOM staff LPB
Description of your work :
         Arriving date (5-02 -2006) : Stayed at Vientien.
          First  working day(6-02-2006):      I left Vientien and traveled to Luangprabang(LPB) province  by plane. After arriving we visited FORCOM office and had a discussion with FORCOM staff regarding the activities plan in the next 3 days.After the meeting we have lunched and started the trip to Sayaburi (SYB)province.We arrived there around 6 PM. 
          Second working day(7-02-2006) :Early in the morning we had a consultation meeting among Sayaburi livestock staff, DAFO staff,FORCOM staff on the establishment of village veterinary system. After the meeting we went to visit Namon village.Today we started to interview some candidate villagers regarding to their animal species experience.Finally we had selected 5 villagers to join the training course for VVW-Program(village veterinary worker).During the interview we noticed that there had a lot of change the village especially the population of pigs which was distinctively increased.From the beginning.the farmer received 20 sows and 2 boars from the project in June 2005,but at the present time the total population of pigs is more than 90 head.This situation  probably reflected from the SF-vaccination and deworming program that additional served by FORCOM project.The following problem at present and in the next future is the amount of feeding that might not be enough for both young piglets and their dams.So the farmer should calculated how many pigs they should keep and how many pigs they should sale inorder to maintain their herd in proper healthy condition.
           After lunch we went to visit  the Natak village.This village is the new village that FORCOM project was selected to join this program about 4 months ago.We started to interview some candidate villagers regarding to their animal species experience the same as in Namon village.Finally we decided to select 3 villagers to join the training course for VVW-Program(village veterinary worker).During the interview we noticed that the candidate that the villagers  selected are young and had less or no experience at all about animal raising even some of them had no animals property of their own but we have to accepted the decision agreement of the villagers.After the meeting, we provided some of them with deworming drug for pigs and buffaloes as their requested.This showed that now the farmer in this village are gained experience from the neighboring village(Namon) and realized that their animals should be deworming to prevent diseases and also increased growth rate better than the none deworming one.The advantage of this village is that the average education level of the farmers in this village is better than the villagers in Namon and there is electricity in this village too.So in the future we can provide them(VVW) small refrigerator to keep some drugs and vaccines when the village veterinary  had been established here.Then we came back to Sayaburi and stayed overnight.
         Third working day(8-02-2006) : Early in the morning we had a consultation meeting again among Sayaburi livestock staff, DAFO staff,FORCOM staff about the qualification of VVW that we selected from both village.So we agreed that in Natak should added 3 more villagers that yesterday they can’t joined the meeting included  this VVW training course as these 3 more farmers had experienced and do some job on animal health activities.Finally we were discussed about the training program.We planed that the training course should be 2 days period.The content of the training course should emphasized on the diseases that commonly occurred in the village such as HS , FMD and some parasites in cattle and buffaloes,SF in pigs,fowl cholera or duck plaque in duck,Newcastle and internal parasites in chicken and goat.In theory it should not take too long lesson  it should  be finished only  half day in the morning.In the afternoon if it possible it should be a part of practice mostly about the vaccination injection sites for different kinds of animal and also the deworming method and other necessary subject regard to their need with the supplement edutaining program and group discussion in the late evening.The next morning should be lesson about animal housing, animal hygiene ,breed and breeding , recording forms and other regulation about the drug used and drug supply,standard price for drug and services fee also monthly report to the project to see how progress of the activities of each VVW.After lunch before their leave ,please let them do some test to evaluate  how good that they have  learned  from the course and also gather the information  for the trainer to revised this lesson for the next  training program.As long as the course didn’t take so long ,we should provide them small hand book which gather all the lesson, instruction, record and report form for them to use this book as a reference for their work in the future.I recommend the FORCOM local staff that the farmer prefered a hand book illustrated with pictures or cartoon  that can be easily communicate and understand better than the text.After this discussion then we left Sayaburi  and came back to LPB. After lunch I went to the FORCOM office and have a discussion again among the FORCOM local staff with Dr. IWASA, the project manager as a moderater about the topic of establishment of village veterinary system.
         Forth working day(9-02-2006) : We started the trip to visit Hat Houy village,Pakseng district(about 40 Km. From Luangprabang province ).The purpose of this visit is to interview  and select the farmer and the village veterinary assistant candidate to join the VVW training program .Finally after the interviewd we had selected 7  farmers to join the program.After the meeting a lot of farmers asked for deworming drug for buffaloes pigs and goats which we tried to provide all of them as their request.The problem of this village is that the DAFO local staff never attend any training course compare to  the village veterinary assistant which  some of them used to join the course provided by the EU project before.So we are thinking of the DAFO local staff  should attend this training program as well with some extra training for specimen collection in case there have disease outbreak in the village.
           Fifth working day(10-02-2006) : I had  the final discussion with the FORCOM local staff and Mr. Akira Miyoshi,JICA expert.We planed to have a draft  for the handbook for VVW which I left CD with power point about the diseases in cattle, buffaloes, chicken and pigs as a guideline for them to prepare. Then I left Luangprabang at 2.30 PM to Vientien on the same day .In the late afternoon, I visited NAHC and have a small discussion with Dr.Bunloam, the director of NAHC.After that I came back to hotel and stayed overnight in Vientien.
          Departure date( 11-02-2006 ) : Left Vientien and came back to Khonkaen , Thailand.
Any reagent or disposal necessary to the laboratory.
            The local field staff  need specimens container and collections in complete set (Monovet for blood collection,glass slide to make blood smear, EDTA bottle for blood parasites diagnosis ,small glass bottle filled up with formalin buffered to collect the organ or specimen from dead animal ,small ice box to maintain the fresh specimen and zip-locked plastic bag for faecal  collection).If the laboratory can provide them beforehand to the extension  field staff, they can collect and handle the specimens from dead animals in the village and submit it with recording form  back to the lab in proper condition.This will help to correct identified the unknown diseases which commonly occure in the village.
Any remark you have noticed during your work.
           1.The farmers  have more good contact and corporation with us.This might be  from the anthelmintic drug that we gave to their animals worked effectively in the village and they always asked for them.This visit  we saw a lot of improvement in animal population and also villagers health condition too.
           2.Before the training program had started, some deworming drugs such as albendazole or ivermectin for treatment of roundworm and GI-nematode infection and Ivermec-F for treatment of liver fluke(Fasciolosis) should be available at the village level with appropriate deworming program for their animals.For GI-infection in goat, Haemonchus contortus infection in abomasum is the most dangerous species,so they should be treated with ivermectin or albendazole every 3 months combined with the pasture rotation system.
             3.The farmer need small refrigerater to keep the vaccine and drugs.So they can easily buy them in the village.
 What kind of cooperative work is possible in future.
            To  advice how to  establish a village veterinary system (basic animal health services) at village level in Luangprabang and Sayaburi. The different kinds of training have to be established.The first group is VVW ,the second group is DAFO local staff and the third group is the farmer in the village.More or less the content of the course are the same but only in details which we must prepare according to our need.After the training course , we have to set up a schedule  plan for their next activities too which we  can follow and monitor.Whenever they have problems the FORCOM staff  have to solve the problem immediately .The benefit of this VVS is to building up networks between VVW,extension livestock field staff , the local laboratory,NAHC and Dept. of Livestock and Fisheries in LAO PDR to control animal diseases and will facilitate the  farmer to increase their own indigenous animal production , income from livestock production and human health from more meat consumption in their family as well.

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