ศัพท์ น่าสับสน ชุด S – Slow & slowly
แนะนำการใช้ ตามที่ส่วนใหญ่ใช้ แต่ละท้องถิ่น
ความหมาย อาจผันแปร ตาม ตำแหน่ง/หน้าที่ ในประโยค
ออกเสียง Slow = ‘SLOH’
ออกเสียง slowly = ‘SLOH-lee’
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree
= unhurried; gradual; leisurely
Not to be confused with:
sloe = fruit of the blackthorn; the shrub itself
SYNONYM STUDY FOR SLOW
Slow, deliberate, gradual, leisurely
mean unhurried and not happeningrapidly.
That which is slow acts or moves without haste or rapidity:
a slow procession of cars.
Deliberate implies the slownessthat marks careful consideration
before and while acting:
a deliberate and calculating manner.
Gradual suggests the slowness of something that advances one step at a time:
a gradual improvement in service.
That which is leisurely moves with the slowness
allowed by ample time or the absence of pressure:
an unhurried and leisurely stroll. 6. See dull.
WORDS OFTEN CONFUSED WITH SLOW
As an adverb, slow has two forms, slow and slowly.
Slowly appeared first in the 15th century;
slow came into use shortly thereafter.
Both are standard today in certain uses.
Originally, slow was used
both preceding and following the verbit modified.
Today, it is used chiefly in imperative constructions
with short verbs of motion ( drive, run, turn, walk, etc.),
and it follows the verb:
Drive slow. Don't walk so slow.
This use is more common in speech than in writing,
although it occurs widely on traffic and road signs.
Slow also combines with present participles in forming adjectives:
In this use it is standard in all varieties of speech and writing
Slowly is by far the more common form of the adverb in writing.
In both speech and writing it is the usual form in preverb position
(He slowly drove down the street. The couple slowly strolled into the park)
and following verbs that are not imperatives (He drove slowly down the street. The couple strolled slowly through the park).
Choose the Right Synonym for slow
mean to cause to be late or behind in movementor progress.
DELAY implies a holding back, usually by interference, from completionor arrival.
bad weather delayed our arrival
RETARD suggests reduction of speed without actual stopping.
language barriers retarded their progress
SLOW often suggesting deliberate intention
medication slowed the patient's heart rate ,
SLACKEN an easing up or relaxing of power or effort.
on hot days runners slacken their pace
DETAIN implies a holding back beyond a reasonable or appointed time.
unexpected business had detained her
Slow vs. Slowly: Usage Guide
Some commentators claim that
careful writers avoid the adverb slow,
in spite of the fact that it has had over four centuries of usage.
have a continent forbearance till the speed of his rage goes slower
— William Shakespeare
In actual practice, slow and slowly are not used in quite the same way.
Slow is almost always used with verbsthat denote movement or action, and it regularly follows the verb it modifies.
beans … are best cooked long and slow — Louise Prothro
Slowly is used before the verb
a sense of outrage, which slowly changed to shame — Paul Horgan and with participial adjectives.
a slowly dawning awareness … of the problem — Amer. Labor
Slowly is used afterverbs where slow might also be used
burn slow or slowly and after verbs where slow would be unidiomatic.
the leadership turned slowly toward bombing as a means of striking back — David Halberstam
Dictionary of Problem Words and Expression
Slow & slowly
Each of these words is an adverb,
so that one can say “Drive slow” or “Drive slowly”
Careful speakers used slowly in such an expression.
Slow is preferred in statements such as “This watch rums slow.”