ตามที่ได้มีพิธีพระราชทานรางวัลสมเด็จเจ้าฟ้ามหิดล ประจำปี 2548 เมื่อวานนี้ (26 มกราคม 2549)

ศ.นพ.วิจารณ์ พานิช ได้กรุณาเขียนบทความเรื่องขั้นตอนการพิจารณาคัดเลือกผู้ได้รับรางวัล ซึ่งลงใน Prince Mahidol 2005 (Publication of The Nation) เมื่อสอบถามไปทาง The nation ทราบว่าบทความดังกล่าว จะไม่มีการนำมาลงใน website ของ The Nation

แต่เห็นว่า บทความดังกล่าวน่าจะมีการนำเสนอมากกว่านี้ จึงนำมาลงในบล็อก เพื่อให้หลายๆ ท่านได้อ่านด้วย นอกจากนี้ ท่านอาจารย์วิจารณ์ เคยเขียนบทความเรื่อง “เรียนรู้จากการเป็นกรรมการพิจารณาตัดสินรางวัล” ซึ่งลงในบล็อกของอ.วิจารณ์ ไปเมื่อเดือนพฤศจิกายน 2548 ที่ผ่านมา ท่านสามารถอ่านรายละเอียดได้ที่ (เรียนรู้จากการเป็นกรรมการพิจารณาตัดสินรางวัล ตอนที่ 1 , ตอนที่ 2 , ตอนที่ 3 )

 
 
Selection Procedures
Two committees are responsible for selecting candidates for the award from among the names put forward by individuals and organizations all over the world.
The Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC)
This 15-member panel searches year-round for instances of significant achievement in medicine and public health that benefit mankind substantially. Its members then focus on the key individual or individuals responsible for the achievement and encourage appropriate parties to nominate them for the award. The advisory committee meets each January, June and September, and in the last session shortlists the nominees. The list is then submitted to the IAC, together with a summary of each candidate’s accomplishments. SAC members are either Thai scientists or high-ranking public-health technocrats. The panel is supported by a full-time secretariat.
The International Award Committee (IAC)
The IAC meets each November for three days to consider both the full list of nominees and the shortlist submitted by the SAC. Aiming for unanimous decisions in each case, the award committee gradually finalizes the nominations of awardees in medicine and public health for scrutiny by the Board of Trustee of the Prince Mahidol Award Foundation. On the last day of its three-day gathering, the committee lists strong areas of achievement and potential high achievers to be recommended to the SAC for further research.
The IAC has 12 members – four Thais and eight foreigners. All of the foreign members are renowned scientists and public-health workers, and two are Nobel laureates. Dr Joshua Lederberg of Rockefeller University received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1958, at age 33, for discovering genetic recombination in bacteria. Dr Bert Sakmann of the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg earned the same prize in 1991 for discovering how cells communicate.
Two other IAC members are Prince Mahidol Award laureates. Dr Adetokunbo Olunmida Lucas of Nigeria is the former director of the World Health Organisation’s Tropical Diseases Research programme. Sir David John Weatherall of Oxford University is a world authority on thalassemia and genetic medicine.
IAC member Dr Nevin S Scrimshaw of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a recipient of the prestigious World Food Prize. Another member, Dr Donald Ainslie Henderson of the Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, was honoured by The Smithsonian magazine in November 2005 by being named among its “35 Who Made a Difference”.
Two other IAC members are world-famous immunologists. Sir Gustav Nossal, director of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, was named Australian of the Year in 2000. Dr Tadamitsu Kishimoto, former president of Osaka University, discovered the interleukin-6 and interleukin-6 receptors.
The four Thai members are Dr Aree Valyasevi, a renowned nutrition scientist who received the Ramon Magsaysay Award; Dr Visith Sitprija of the Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, who is an authority on nephrology; Dr Kraisid Tontosirin, a nutrition scientist now working with FAO; and Dr Vicharn Panich, former director of the Thailand Research Fund, who serves as the chairman of the committee.
Final Decision of the Award
The final decision on the award is made by the Board of Trustee, which is chaired by Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.
By Prof. Dr. Vicharn Panich.
Chairman of the International Award Committee,
Prince Mahidol Award Foundation for the period of 2004-2006.