ศัพท์ น่าสับสน - Set – C - compel & impel
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ออกเสียง compel = ‘kuhm-PEL”
ออกเสียง impel = “im-PEL”
Dictionary of Problem Words and Expressions:
compel & impel
These words agree In the idea of using physical or other force
to result in a course of action, to cause something to be done.
Compel has a greater sense of coercion, of actual force, than does impel:
“My mounting debts compelled me to seek a loan.”
“Heavy fines compel drivers to obey traffic signals.”
Impel involves the idea of motive or incentive or inner drive:
“His conscience will impel him t confess his guilt.”
“I feel impelled to question that statement.”
Impel may involve the concept of pushing forward
(Wind impels the small boat),
but usually it suggests pressure in a figurative sense
(I was impelledby a sense of obligation).
See also IMPEL, INDUCE.
SYNONYM STUDY FOR COMPEL
Compel & impel
agree in the idea of using physical or other force
to cause something to be done.
Compel means to constrain someone, in some way,
to yield or to do what one wishes:
to compel a recalcitrant debtor to pay;
Fate compels us to face danger and trouble.
Impel may mean literally to push forward,
but is usually applied figuratively,
meaning to provide a strong motive
or incentivetoward a certain end:
Wind impels a ship.
Curiosity impels me to ask.
Choose the Right Synonym for compel
Force, Compel, Coerce, Constrain, Oblige
mean to make someone or something yield.
Force is the general term and implies the overcoming of resistance
by the exertion of strength, power, or duress.
forced to flee for their lives
Compel typically suggests overcoming of resistance or unwillingness
by an irresistible force.
compelled to admit my mistake
Coerce suggests overcoming resistance or unwillingness
by actual or threatened violence or pressure.
coerced into signing over the rights
Constrain suggests the effect of a force or circumstance
that limits freedom of action or choice.
constrained by conscience
Oblige implies the constraint of necessity, law, or duty.
felt obliged to go
Did you know?
The prefix com- acts as a strengthener in this word;
thus, to compel is to drive powerfully, or force.
So you may feel compelled to speak to a friend about his drinking,
or compelled to reveal a secret in order to prevent something from happening.
A compulsion is usually a powerful inner urge;
a compulsive shopper or a compulsive gambler
usually can't hold onto money for long.
You might not want to do something
unless there's a compelling reason; however,
a compelling film is simply one that seems serious and important.
Choose the Right Synonym for impel
Move, Actuate, Drive, Impel
mean to set or keep in motion.
Move is very general and implies no more than the fact of changing position.
moved the furniture
Actuate stressestransmission of power so as to work or set in motion.
turbines actuated by waterpower
Drive implies imparting forward and continuous motion
and often stresses the effect rather than the impetus.
a ship driven aground by hurricane winds
Impel is usually figurative and suggests a great motivating impetus.
a candidate impelled by ambition
Impel vs Compel
Impel is very similar in meaning to compel,
and often a perfect synonym,
though it tends to suggest even more strongly
an inner drive to do something
and a greater urgency to act,
especially for moral reasons.
But when impel takes its noun and adjective forms,
it changes slightly.
So, an impulse—such as "impulse buying",
when you suddenly see something cool and know you've got to have it
—often isn't based on anything very serious.
And impulsive behavior in general,
such as blurting out something stupid on the spur of the moment,
is the kind of thing you're supposed to get over when you grow up.