2022-01-23 ศัพท์ น่าสับสน - Set – C - compel & impel


Revision C

2022-01-23

ศัพท์ น่าสับสน - Set – C - compel & impel

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Dictionary.com:

ออกเสียง compel = ‘kuhm-PEL

ออกเสียง impel = “im-PEL

 

Dictionary of Problem Words and Expressions:

compel & impel

These words agree In the idea of using physical or other force 

to result in a course of action, to cause something to be done.

 

Compel  has a greater sense of coercion, of actual force, than does impel:

“My mounting debts compelled me to seek a loan.”

“Heavy fines compel drivers to obey traffic signals.”

 

Impel involves the idea of motive or incentive or inner drive:

“His conscience will impel him t confess his guilt.”

“I feel impelled to question that statement.”

 

Impel may involve the concept of pushing forward 

(Wind impels the small boat), 

but usually it suggests pressure in a figurative sense 

(I was impelledby a sense of obligation).

See also IMPEL, INDUCE.

 

Dictionary.com:

SYNONYM STUDY FOR COMPEL

Compelimpel 

agree in the idea of using physical or other force 

to cause something to be done

Compel means to constrain someone, in some way

to yield or to do what one wishes

to compel a recalcitrant debtor to pay; 

Fate compels us to face danger and trouble. 

 

Impel may mean literally to push forward

but is usually applied figuratively

meaning to provide a strong motive

or incentivetoward a certain end

Wind impels a ship. 

Curiosity impels me to ask.

 

Merriam-Webster Dictionary:

Choose the Right Synonym for compel           

Force, Compel, Coerce, Constrain, Oblige 

mean to make someone or something yield.

Force is the general term and implies the overcoming of resistance 

by the exertion of strength, power, or duress

          forced to flee for their lives

Compel typically suggests overcoming of resistance or unwillingness 

by an irresistible force.  

compelled to admit my mistake 

Coerce suggests overcoming resistance or unwillingness 

by actual or threatened violence or pressure.  

coerced into signing over the rights 

Constrain suggests the effect of a force or circumstance 

that limits freedom of action or choice.  

constrained by conscience 

Oblige implies the constraint of necessity, law, or duty.  

felt obliged to go 

 

Merriam-Webster Dictionary:

compel

Did you know?

The prefix com- acts as a strengthener in this word; 

thus, to compel is to drive powerfully, or force

So you may feel compelled to speak to a friend about his drinking,

or compelled to reveal a secret in order to prevent something from happening

compulsion is usually a powerful inner urge

a compulsive shopper or a compulsive gambler 

usually can't hold onto money for long

You might not want to do something 

unless there's a compelling reason; however, 

a compelling film is simply one that seems serious and important.

 

Merriam-Webster Dictionary:

Choose the Right Synonym for impel

Move, Actuate, Drive, Impel

mean to set or keep in motion.

Move is very general and implies no more than the fact of changing position.  

moved the furniture 

Actuate stressestransmission of power so as to work or set in motion.  

turbines actuated by waterpower 

Drive implies imparting forward and continuous motion 

and often stresses the effect rather than the impetus.  

a ship driven aground by hurricane winds 

Impel is usually figurative and suggests a great motivating impetus.  

a candidate impelled by ambition 

 

Merriam-Webster Dictionary:

Impel vs Compel

Impel is very similar in meaning to compel, 

and often a perfect synonym

though it tends to suggest even more strongly 

an inner drive to do something 

and a greater urgency to act, 

especially for moral reasons

But when impel takes its noun and adjective forms

it changes slightly.

 

So, an impulsesuch as "impulse buying",

when you suddenly see something cool and know you've got to have it

often isn't based on anything very serious

 

And impulsive behavior in general, 

such as blurting out something stupid on the spur of the moment

is the kind of thing you're supposed to get over when you grow up.

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