Plain and Simple English Talks (8)

Learning (Time Machine) Patterns

All of us are masters of Time. We can keep on with what we are doing 'now'. We can move our friends and our thoughts into Time long long ago or into Time yet to come. How do we move from one time zone to other time zones? It is easy! We use [Tense] patterns.

We watched a movie yesterday.
We have seen that movie before.
We read newspapers at breakfast.
We are working.
We will watch TV tonight.

These patterns are interesting and some are even difficult to use. But, like we learn to ride a bicycle, we practice using time patterns until we can control time easy.

We have noted that we dress up [noun] words like apple, bear, cat, dog, fox, and so on by adding 's' ('ซื') or 'es' ('อีซ') in some cases to mean 'many' apples, many bears, many cats, many foxes, and so on. We have also noted that we dress up [verb] words like 'ask', 'talk', 'work' and so on by adding 'ed' ('อืด' or 'เอ็ด' -- เบาและเบลอ) to talk about what we did at one time before now. There are more odd ways to dress up [verb] words. They have become 'patterns' that people know and use. So, we should learn and use those patterns too.

Note. If we have seen movies like Jaws or Star Wars, we would remember hearing a bar of music before the Shark or Darth Vader come into the scene. That is a way to move us into another mood (or zone) and to get us ready for something to happen. Dressing [verb] words gives signals (to listeners) to get into other time zones or other positions.

We have looked at {[verb] [preposition]} pattern which we use to signal change of position.
We go to school. ** We change our position to be at school.
He came out. ** He changed his position. Now we can see him.
Get in! ** Change your position to be inside.

Can you draw up Time control patterns from examples we saw earlier?

Some more examples of Time control:

I walk to school (everyday). == I walk to school all the time.
I am walking to school today. == I am walking to school now. or I will walk to school today.
I have been walking to school for a week. == I walked to school everyday last week.
I have walked to school. == I walked to school at one time recently (or just past).
I had walked to school. == I walked to school at one time long ago.

I walked to school yesterday. *note* [Simple Past] should be stamped with date-time.

I will be walking to school. == I will walk to school everyday from now.

Note. We may dress up [verb] words in patterns like
I can walk to school. == I have legs and I am fit enough to walk to school.
I shall walk to school. == I intend strongly to walk to school.
I will walk to school. == I choose to walk to school.
I would walk to school. == If I have choices, I choose to walk to school.
I should walk to school. == I think it is better for me to walk to school.
I would have walked to school. == If I had choices, I would choose to walk to school. (But I had no choices. So I did not walk to school.)

PSE Drill 4.a
Draw patterns of examples above. Compare them with other patterns we know or have used.
Can we see that our time control patterns are also used to show our 'condition' in Time?

PSE Drill 4.b
Make [phrases] by choosing patterns we have learned and picking up words from boxes to show some examples of each patterns. Say them aloud to our friends. Do they know what time it is by what we have just said? Ask our friends to say those phrases back to us. Listen carefully. Can we tell what [time] it is? Talk about it.

Ask our friends to tell us in their own words or their own phrases what happened and when.

Repeat and repeat this drill until all of us can control Time.

คำสำคัญ (Tags): #time control#position#pattern
หมายเลขบันทึก: 596666เขียนเมื่อ 25 ตุลาคม 2015 05:03 น. ()แก้ไขเมื่อ 7 กันยายน 2016 02:37 น. ()สัญญาอนุญาต: ครีเอทีฟคอมมอนส์แบบ แสดงที่มา-ไม่ใช้เพื่อการค้า-ไม่ดัดแปลง

ความเห็น (2)

You are very kind GD: I wish I can do better though. Being out in the bush with a lot of Nature around and not much of communication capability. [We have connection to the Net, but our ISP wants us to pay by byte both ways (upload and download -- download includes all (audio-visual: pictures, songs and clips) 'ads', 'spams', 'pop-ups' and other uglies.]

Anyway, I am not really teaching English but I do talk about and promote Plain and Simple English as a good way to master English. No fancy English in 10 minutes (1 day or 1 month), but practice and practice with common words in common patterns. There is no shame in practicing to become better. Everyone can practice. Everyone can master English sooner or later.

พบปัญหาการใช้งานกรุณาแจ้ง LINE ID @gotoknow
ขอแนะนำ ClassStart