Recently, ‘proof of nationality’ has been in a conversation over and over in the Thai society. When talking about a proof of nationality, most of people might connectedly imagine of ‘illegal migrant workers from Burma, Laos, and Cambodia’ who were registered to work temporary in Thailand. One of reasons is that a process of the proof of nationality for these migrant workers is nationally crucial so that on January 30th, 2007 (B.E.2550) and also December 9th, 2008 (B.E.2551), there are cabinet resolutions on the issue.
Outstandingly, the process of proof of nationality for the migrant workers, as prescribed in Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on Cooperation in the Employment of Workers between the Thai government and those three countries, will solve statelessness of such people; make them a better legal status, from illegal to legal; and decease burden for Thailand in supervision of these de jure stateless people as well. Under the MOU, rather than employment, these illegal workers must prove their nationality in order to go back to the country of origin when passing the proof and being recognized by the country. Thus, information of the procedure is broadly disseminated by the Government itself as well as organs working on the issues in order to solve aforementioned problems. The proof of nationality with the country of origin of the workers has been stated so far as a condition to continue working legally in Thailand for four years at least.
Besides realization of such important procedure of the Government, criticism which has been spread around since the beginning of the proof of nationality of these migrant workers such as corruption problems during the process; high cost of proof of nationality fee; and problems of conflicting ethnic minorities who are probably at risk and not recognized by the country of origin is an another factor. Therefore, proof of nationality has been more and more referred to migrant workers finally.
As the matter of facts, proof of nationality is a normal process in order to verify that a person is a national of a country. It is not only for migrant workers from the three countries, but also for every single person who has genuine like to prove a nationality of a country. Migrant workers, ethnic minorities, stateless persons, or people holding dual or multiples nationalities have an equal right to be in the process of the proof of nationality.
Some requires proving their nationality with other countries as the country of origin because of the closet relation between them and the country. Sokleng Saete, a Cambodian refugee in a Thai family; Mong Thongdee, a child born in Thailand of registered migrant parents from Myanmar; Kaweepron Wilaiwan, a Lao immigrant who was not fully registered as a migrant worker in the system; Na Khamsaeng, a Vietnamese immigrant who was registered as a migrant worker from Cambodia; or Aor Meekaew, a Chinese woman who was registered as a migrant worker from Myanmar are illustrations for such people in need of proof of nationality with the country of origin due to the better legal status for living in Thailand.
Proof of Thai nationality is, on the other hand, necessary for those who have genuine connection with Thailand such as Han Jongkham, a person born in Myanmar of a Thai father; Bobby Suthibutr, a man born in U.S.A. of Thai parents; Fongchan Suksaneh, a child born in Thailand of American parents; and Nalisa Troy, a child born in U.S.A. of a Thai mother and a American father, and also those who reach qualifications to apply for Thai nationality such as Ayu Namthep, a famous musical professor who has fled from Myanmar as a person at risk of persecution; or even ethnic minority from Thailand who become a migrant worker in foreign countries such as Japan.
This article is a good checklist for national id issues.
But I can't help noticing that each paragraph contains one very long sentence or two. I think this article would be read more if it was written in 'plain English'. ;-)