2020-11-30 ศัพท์ น่าสับสน ชุด P – Plus

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2020-11-30ศัพท์ น่าสับสน ชุด P – Plusแนะนำการใช้ ตามที่ส่วนใหญ่ใช้ แต่ละท้องถิ่น ความหมาย อาจผันแปร ตาม ตำแหน่ง/หน้าที่ ในประโยค

Dictionary.comออกเสียง Plus = ‘PLUHS’

Dictionary.comUSAGE NOTE FOR PLUSSince plus as a preposition has long had the meanings “more by the addition of” and “with the addition of,” it was but a short step to a newer use, mainly in informal writing and speech, as a conjunction meaning “also, and, furthermore.”

Although this use is increasing, many object to it, and it is rare in more formal writing. And plus is likewise objected to, especially for being redundant: The paper was delivered two hours late, and plus it was soaking wet.

Merriam-Webster DictionaryUsing Plus as a Conjunction: Usage GuideConjunctionThe preposition plus has long been used with a meaning equivalent to and (as in “two plus two”); people have come to use plus as a conjunction much like and. It is used chiefly in speech and in informal writing.

Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionaryusage: The relatively new use of plus as a conjunction, although increasing, occurs mainly in informal speech and writing. Many object to this use, and it is still rare in more formal writing.

COLLINS ENGLISH DICTIONARY

USAGE FOR PLUSPlus, together with, and along with do not create compound subjects in the way that and does:

the number of the verb depends on that of the subject to which plus, together with, or along with is added: this task, plus all the others, was (not were) undertaken by the government; the doctor, together with the nurses, was (not were) waiting for the patient

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English LanguageUsage Note: When mathematical equations are pronounced as English sentences, the verb is usually in the singular: Two plus two is (or equals) four.

By the same token, subjects containing two noun phrases joined by plus are usually construed as singular: The construction slowdown plus the bad weather has made for a weak market.

This observation has led some to argue that in these sentences, plus functions as a preposition meaning “in addition to.”

But if this were true, the plus phrase could be moved to the beginning of the sentence. Clearly, this is not the case—we do not say Plus the bad weather, the construction slowdown has made for a weak market.

It makes more sense to view plus in these uses as a conjunction that joins two subjects into a single entity requiring a single verb by notional agreement, just as and does in the sentence Chips and beans is her favorite appetizer.

The use of plus introducing an independent clause has long been considered infelicitous, if not wrong. But a clear majority of the Usage Panel accepts it. In our 2009 survey, 67 percent accepted the example He has a lot of personal charm. Plus, he knows what he’s doing. Some 63 percent accepted an example expressing negative judgment: We were a terrible team. Plus, we had bad uniforms.

Dictionary of Problem Words and ExpressionPlus This word is incorrectly and tritely used in the meaning of “something added or extra”: “That’s a plus.”

Plus does not have the conjunctive force of and; say “Mike and his friends” not “Mike plus his friends.”

Since, plus is a preposition rather than a conjunction, a following verb is singular or plural depending on the number of the subject:“Three plus three [a unit] equal six.”“Their purposes [plural] plus our general plan are excellent.”

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