This article is focusing on Health Care and Health Care Management in 5 countries.
United Kingdom - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spending = 8.3
Government provides the premium for its citizen by using the fund from taxation on National Health Service (NHS). People have to contribute to the cost such as co-pays, pay small percentage of the total cost and some exception for the young and elderly. General Practitioners are required to make referral to specialists. People can not see the specialists without referral. This could mean long wait and limited choice of care.
Japan - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spending = 8.0
Japan uses a “social insurance system” every family pays $280 per month for premium and 30% of the cost of a procedure for co-payments but the total paid in a month is according to income. Almost hospital are in the private sector, work from a nonprofit. Ministry of Health negotiates with physicians to set standard cost for every procedure. Everyone can go to visit a specialist doctors when and often they want, same pay everywhere also.
Germany - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spending = 10.7
Germany uses a social insurance model similar to Japan. They pay $750 per month for premium depends on the income. Co-payments are every three month around $15 for some patient. Germans are free to buy their insurance from more than 200 private companies that are non profit. Patient can go to see any specialist without a referral doctor and pay under a single-payment system. The single-payment system leaves some German doctor feeling underpaid.
Taiwan - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spending = 6.3
Taiwan adopted “National Health Insurance model” in 1995. This system is closely resemble to Japan and Germany. People have insurance by government-run. An average family of four would pay premium around $650 per year, co-payments 20% for drugs, exemption for major diseases, childbirth, preventive services poor , veterans and children. Every citizen in Taiwan has a smart card for used to keep information refer to medical history and bills.
Switzerland - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spending = 11.6
Swiss has a social insurance system. Consumers pay an average premium $750 per month. There are government subsidies for low-income citizens while 10% of cost of services is co-payment. Swiss system shows universal coverage is possible, even in a highly capitalist nation with strong insurance and pharmaceutical industries. Insurance companies are not allowed to make a profit. Patient can go to see a doctor without a referral but some insurance company plans require.
In present time every countries are seeking to the best health system for care populace indeed don't have a perfectness system . Today this article want to shows regarding “ How do they do ” in 5 country in that health and health administration. In my opinion many system for health care just a small thing for survive. The big thing is a "How to do keep healthy by self" .
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