ศัพท์ น่าสับสน - Set – G – grow
แนะนำการใช้ ตามที่ส่วนใหญ่ใช้ แต่ละท้องถิ่น
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แสดงรายละเอียด จากตำราแต่ละเล่ม ที่เป็นหัวข้อ ต่อไปนี้:
ออกเสียง Grow = ‘GROH’
Common Error in English Usage Dictionary:
We used to grow our hair long or grow tomatoes in the yard,
but now we are being urged
to “grow the economy”
or “grow your investments."
Business and government speakers have extended
this usage widely, but it irritates traditionalists.
Use “build,” “increase,” “expand,” “develop," or “cause to grow”
instead in formal writing.
Is grow a transitive verb?
Some people feel queasy
when encountering grow used transitively
(as in “grow the economy”).
While it may grate on the ears of many,
grow has existed as a transitive verb for hundreds of years,
initially in relation to such things as crops,
then to facial hair and the like,
and finally to a small variety of other things
(such as a business or the economy).
The transitive form of grow sounds peculiar to many people,
and you may certainly avoid using it,
but it is wrong to state, as some do,
that it is always improper or that it does not exist.
Grow has a long history of usage peeves.
Grammar and usage peeves,
much like the meanings of words,
shift and change in curious and unpredictable ways.
Some, such as the notion that
one should not end a sentence with a preposition,
endure for hundreds of years,
in spite of the fact that
they are rather useless and nonsensical.
Others, such as the mid-20th century idea that
balding was not a proper word,
have a short life and then are forgotten.
Sometimes a word will escape
from one usage quibble and
become accepted as standardized English,
only to find that another quibble
has taken the place of the first one.
In the late 19th century
the hot new peeve with all the cool grammarians
was the use of grow to refer to something
that was not getting larger in some manner of size.
Note to reader:
the words hot, cool, and grammarian,
as used in the previous sentence,
are all highly subjective, and should not be taken seriously.
In any event, Richard Grant White,
a notorious scold of the time,
didn’t like it when grow was used to indicate
that something was becoming smaller.
However, we have been using the word grow to mean
“to become” since the 15th century,
and we’ve been using it to in reference to diminution,
rather than enlargement, since at least the early 16th.
The prohibition against using grow smaller (or similar uses)
stuck around for a number of decades,
but as the 20th century wore on
an increasing number of grammarians came to accept it.
But rather than simply fade away
and enter the dim realm of
‘words which we used to complain about
but now can’t quite remember why,’
grow instead pirouetted neatly
and found a new way to annoy people.
Nowadays the hot new peeve among grammarians
is the idea that grow should not be used as a transitive verb
(note: please observe the same semantic caveats as earlier).
One slight issue with this is that the
Oxford English Dictionary informs us that
grow has functioned as a transitive verb for well over 500 years now.
Happily, as always, Twitter has an answer.
So according to adherents of this new peeve,
Modern English will allow
grow to be used as a transitive verb,
but only for plants or hair.
Except that certain technical fields,
such as crystallography,
have been using the transitive grow since the early 20th century.
The current iteration of this peeve
appears to have originated largely
as a result of Bill Clinton’s use of “grow the economy,”
when he was campaigning for president in 1991.
However, Clinton was merely popularizing a term
which was already part of the economic jargon at that time.
In 1988 the president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland,
W. Lee Hoskins, was quoted in The Cleveland Plain Dealer
using the economically transitive grow:
It is perfectly reasonable to dislike the sound of certain word combinations
(such as ‘grow the economy,’ or ‘grow a business’).
And it would be fascinating
if we could assign this degree of specificity to
other transitive verbs
(‘expand may be used as a transitive verb,
but only when referring to waistlines. And green raincoats.’)
But attempting to prohibit all transitive use of a verb
based on the dislike of some uses of it
is not the most practical approach.
You don’t have to like, or even abide, transitive grow.
But you should admit that it exists,
and at this point you can probably stop blaming Bill Clinton for it.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language
Grow is most often used as an intransitive verb,
The corn grew fast or Our business has been growing steadily for 10 years.
This use dates back to the Middle Ages.
In the 1700s, a transitive sense arose with the meaning
"to produce or cultivate,"
as in We grow corn in our garden.
Then, starting in the late 1900s,
people began to use grow with a nonliving thing
or even an abstraction as the direct object,
often in the context of politics or business,
One of our key strategies is to grow our business by increasing the number of clients.
This trend was widely criticized.
In 1992, only 20 percent of the Usage Panel
accepted the sentence above, and only 48 percent accepted
We've got to grow our way out of this recession.
These usages remain common, however,
and resistance to them has lessened:
in 2014, 60 percent of the Panel accepted
the grow our business sentence,
and 65 percent accepted
the grow our way out of the recession sentence.
But Panelists strongly frown upon the phrase grow down,
probably because it seems oxymoronic:
96 percent of the Panel found it unacceptable.
Collins COBUILD English Usage
When children or young animals grow,
they become bigger or taller.
The past tense of grow is grew.
The -ed participle is grown.
The doctor will check that the baby is growing normally.
The plant grew to a height of over 1 metre.
Has he grown any taller?
2. 'grow up'
When someone grows up,
they gradually change from a child into an adult.
He grew up in Cambridge.
They grew up at a time when there was no television.
Don't confuse the verbs grow up and bring up.
If you bring up a child, you look after it as it grows up.
Don't say 'grow up a child'.
We thought the village was the perfect place to bring up a family.
3. used to mean 'become'
Grow is also used to mean 'become'.
He's growing old.
The sky grew dark.
4. 'grow to'
If you grow to feel or think something, you gradually start to feel or think it.
After a few months, I grew to hate my job.
See get to - grow to