ศัพท์ น่าสับสน - Set – combat & contest
แนะนำการใช้ ตามที่ส่วนใหญ่ใช้ แต่ละท้องถิ่น
ความหมาย อาจผันแปร ตาม ตำแหน่ง/หน้าที่ ในประโยค
ออกเสียง combat – verb = “kuhm-BAT” or “KOM-bat” – noun = “KOM-bat”
ออกเสียง contest - verb = “Kuhn-TEST” – noun = “KON-test”
MORE ABOUT COMBAT
What does combat mean?
Combat is most commonly used in a military context
to refer to active fighting among opposing armies.
To engage in combat is to engage in fighting.
Aerial combat involves fighting in the air among air forces.
Hand-to-hand combat involves close fighting,
often literally with one’s hands.
Combat is often used as a modifier (adjective)
in terms that refer to things related to or involving combat,
Combat is sometimes used more broadly
or figuratively to refer to active conflict between two people or groups,
as in The two corporations are preparing to do combat in the courtroom.
The term verbal combat refers to fighting with words.
Combat is also commonly used as a verb
meaning to oppose or work to defeat.
It’s especially used when the thing to be defeated is intangible or abstract, as in
We need to combat climate change
or Our organization works to combat poverty.
The figurative senses of the verbs
fight and battle are close synonyms of this sense of combat.
The sides engaging in combat can be called combatants.
The adjective combative means inclined to fight.
The objective of basic training is to prepare our soldiers for combat.
Where does combat come from?
The first records of the word combat come from the 1500s.
It comes from the Late Latin combattere, from com-,
meaning “with” or “together,” and the Latin verb battuere,
meaning “to strike” or “to beat.”
The word battle is based on this same root.
Combat most often implies physical fighting.
Military combat on a battlefield can involve close combat
This is how the word is used in the name of the popular
and controversial video game series Mortal Kombat.
The title calls to mind the term martial combat,
which is fighting using martial arts.
When combat is used as a verb,
it often likens the conflict to a military battle,
implying that the thing that’s being combatted is a formidable opponent
—that it won’t be defeated without a fight.
Choose the Right Synonym for combat
Oppose, Combat, Resist, Withstand
mean to set oneself against someone or something.
Oppose can apply to any conflict,
from mere objection to bitter hostility or warfare.
opposed the plan
Combat stresses the forceful or urgent countering of something.
Resist implies an overt recognition of a hostile or threatening force
and a positive effort to counteract or repel it.
Withstand suggests a more passive resistance.
trying to withstand peer pressure
History and Etymology for contest
borrowed from Middle French & Latin;
Middle French contester "to debate, make the subject of dispute,"
earlier "to refuse to recognize a right or claim,"
probably borrowed from Old Occitan contestar,
borrowed from Latin contestārī "to call to witness,"
in the phrase lītem contestārī (with līt-, līs "dispute at law")
"to join issue in a legal suit," from con- CON- + -testārī,
verbal derivative of testis "witness"
— more at TESTAMENT
Dictionary of Problem Words and Expressions:
combat & contest
Combat suggests a direct encounter,
one actually involving physical force:
“The FBI is supposed to combat crime.”
“The fight between the boxers was a frightful, bloody combat.”
Contest applies to either a friendly or a hostile struggle for a prize or goal.
A baseball game is a contest;
a battle between armed forces is both contest and combat.
Contest should be associated with struggle andcontention;
combat should be related to conflict and fight.