ศัพท์ น่าสับสน - Set – C – change & alter
แนะนำการใช้ ตามที่ส่วนใหญ่ใช้ แต่ละท้องถิ่น
ความหมาย อาจผันแปร ตาม ตำแหน่ง/หน้าที่ ในประโยค
ออกเสียง change = “CHEYN”
ออกเสียง alter = “AWL-ter”
HISTORICAL USAGE OF CHANGE
The English noun and verb change are both recorded
at just about the same time (between 1200 and 1225),
but the meanings of the noun follow those of the verb.
The Middle English verb change,
chaungen, chaungie, changen, chaingen (and other spelling variants)
“to be altered, alter (a purpose, attitude, or opinion),
transform orbe transformed; substitute, exchange”
come from Anglo-French chaunger, changir
and Old French changier, with the same eanings.
The French verb comes from Latin cambiāre “to exchange,”
from earlier cambīre “to exchange, barter,” both of Celtic (Gaulish) origin.
The French development from cambiāre to changier is regular;
other Romance languages have developed in differing ways:
Spanish and Portuguese cambiar keep cambiāre more or less intact;
Catalan has canviar; Sardinian has cambiare;
Old Provençal has both cambiar and camjar;
Old Italian (late 12th century) has cambiare,
but modern Italian only cangiare.
The Middle English verb was used to refer to
the exchange of money, coins, or currency,
but the corresponding noun meanings
did not appear until the mid-16th century;
the specific usage “the balance of money returned to a buyer”
is first recorded in 1665.
What is another way to say change?
To change something is to make its form, nature, or content
different from what it is currently or from what it would be if left alone.
WHEN TO USE
What is another way to say alter?
To alter something is to make it different in some particular way,
such as in size, style, or course.
Choose the Right Synonym for change
Change, Alter, Vary, Modify
mean to make or become different.
Change implies making either an essential difference
often amounting to a loss of original identity
or a substitution of one thing for another.
changed the shirt for a larger size
Alter implies a difference in some particular respect
without suggesting loss of identity.
slightly altered the original design
Vary stresses a breaking away from sameness, duplication, or exact repetition.
vary your daily routine
Modify suggests a difference that limits, restricts, or adapts to a new purpose.
modified the building for use by the disabled
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree:
alter a will;
She’ll need to alter her wedding gown to make it fit.
Not to be confused with:
= a table or platform used in a church service or ceremonial rite:
They knelt at the altar for communion.
Dictionary of Problem Words and Expressions:
change & alter
Change is a simpler and more often used of these words,
but alter is more exact
in the primary sense of “to modify” or “to make different.”
Actually, change conveys these meanings,
but it also “to convert,” “to substitute,” “to interchange,” “to make an exchange”
and conveys a half-dozen other impressions and ideals.
When one changes his habits,
he may perform any of several acts,
but when he alters something, he preserves its identity
while changing its appearance.
When one alters his clothing,
he does one thing;
when he changes it,
he may do several quite different things.