Education #reform in #ThailandIn a paper presented at the Second UNESCO-APEID International Conference in 1996 entitled New aspirations for education in Thailand. Towards educational excellence by the year 2007, H .E. Mr. Sukavich Rangsitpol laid out his plans for education in Thailand.
According to John Cogan (Professor of Education, University of Minnesota, USA) and R. Derricot in Citizenship for the 21st Century: An International Perspective on Education, His Excellency Mr.Sukavich Rangsitpol saw education as “the instrument for human development, creating peace for mankind and national security
The main points of his paper are:
“One national policy must stipulate that the State shall render education to its citizens from the cradle to the grave, with the concept of providing every youth with a good quality 12 year- continuing education,
from pre-kinger-garten, through kindergarten, primary, lower secondary, upper secondary, vocational or equivalent to higher educational level.
Within this framework, compulsory education should therefore, be regarded as fundamental for everyone, in enabling them to earn their living and attain a desirable quality of life in society.
For such reasons, the State has a policy to expand compulsory education from 6 years to 9 years and eventually 12 years.”
“For the past decade, the Ministry of Education has had to encounter a great number of accumulated problems which, while have not been rectified, pose as obstacle for any effort to provide 6 years of good quality education.
Moreover, they also make the task of expanding compulsory education from 6 years to 9 year and eventually 12 years, with the aim of reducing the gap between the rich and the poor and enabling every to lead to good life in society, extremely difficult to fulfill.”
“… the Ministry of Education has developed the following 4 approaches in order to attain its education reform policy:- 1) School Reform 2) Teachers Reform 3) Curriculum Reform 4) Administration Reform”
The education budget has been increased“Clear policies and practical approaches have been indentified to provide the children of 40 million poor people with 12 years of education free of charge.”